.about us
The right business advisory service can help your business rise to the challenges and leverage the opportunities presented by today's complex global economy. ESK Advisory Firm has experience helping companies develop and implement strategies that drive efficiencies, overcome barriers and achieve meaningful business outcomes. ESK has helped organizations of all types identify opportunities, create value and reduce risk. We provide advisory services in sectors including Fashion, technology, Food & Beverage, Medicine, energy, manufacturing and distribution and many others. And our team members will apply their niche expertise to help you improve performance and accomplish your short and long-term business objectives.
ESK Advisory Firm works with large and small businesses, both publicly and privately held, as well as nonprofit organizations, government entities, service firms and professional associations. We help our clients reach their goals through insight, innovation and experience. Our ultimate goal is to serve our clients to their highest levels of satisfaction. Through our commitment to thought leadership and knowledge management, we deliver the solutions our clients need with the commitment to service that they deserve. That’s the ESK difference.
.services
ESK Advisory Firm understands that to help meet client challenges and opportunities successfully in a global economy, you must have a full arsenal of capabilities and experience available at a moment’s notice. Our professionals are skilled at delivering following service areas:
Finding Business Partner
If you have specific plans to do business abroad, a local business partner would be a great help. Business partners could mean local companies, agents, distributors or production partners. International organizations can also be business partners. Having a wide network of contacts in Iran and other countries, ESK Advisory team is capable of finding a right business partner for you.
Mall Marketing & Management
We have been involved in several shopping malls projects in Iran and other countries in which we have provided business plans, strategies and legal services. To be specific, we approach and negotiate with malls’ operator and international brands in various industries, introduce mall operator and international brands to the owner of malls, provide legal and business consultation about financing different phases of development of malls including construction and operation.
Mergers & Acquisitions
ESK offers a full range of services for implementing a corporate growth strategy through acquisitions. These services include comprehensive research to identify a complete universe of prospective target companies, contact of each qualified target directly, structuring and negotiating an appropriate proposal, assistance in conducting due diligence, and closing the transaction. We also advise management teams, boards of directors, and majority shareholders in the development and execution of management-led buyouts.
Connection with International Brands
ESK Advisory Firm has a long-standing relationship with international brands and has successfully connected them with local companies. We advise reputable brands in finding franchise or joint venture partners in Iran and other countries. On the other hand, if you are a local business thinking about expansion of your business into new countries or territories, we will help you achieving your goals.
Business Law
We advise clients on all aspects of business law including contract, sale of goods, consumer protection, trade practices, agency, advertising, partnerships, insurance and professional liability.
Foreign Investment Law
With our expert knowledge of Iran's regulatory framework and experience with foreign investment proposals across a wide range of industry sectors, we assist international clients with the management of their Iranian investments. We advise international clients about investing in Iran through different investment methods, such as direct investment, joint venture, buy-back, contractual schemes etc.
Franchising
Our team advises both franchisors and franchisees on franchising, trade practice requirements, and the relevant code requirements, including reviewing contracts and agreements, leases, intellectual property protection, and dispute resolution.
Dispute Resolution
We represent and advise our clients on a vast range of civil and commercial dispute resolution methods including arbitration and litigation. However, our aim is to help clients avoid litigious disputes, but, where litigation is unavoidable, we pursue it rigorously, innovatively and efficiently.
.team
An integral part of his practice, Esmaeil provides board-level legal counsel to help clients draft and manage complex deals through the marketplace. He has paved the way of several foreign corporations to invest in various megaprojects in Iran. As a managing partner, Esmaeil is responsible for the day to day operations of the business and practice groups across ESK's offices in Iran. He speaks Persian and English.
Pr. Fari Akhlaghi
Head of Advisory Services (International Section)
BA(Hons), MSc, PhD, FRSA, FBIFM
Professor Fari Akhlaghi is an experienced international expert in project finance, procurement and delivery of large and complex projects, including those that adopt BOT, BOO, EPC+F and PPP structures.
Professor Akhlaghi is educated in the UK and has over 35 years of international working experience, including many years in leading large engineering, construction, development and management consultancy operations such as DEGW, Black & Veatch and AECOM. He has worked in USA, Europe, Asia, Africa and the Middle East.
In his last full time corporate position, as Vice President of Major Projects in AECOM, Professor Akhlaghi was in charge of Global Major Projects and Strategic Advisory to governments and major private sector corporations. He is Special Advisor to Norton Rose Fulbright, a leading international Law Firm where he focuses on financing Iran’s major projects and industrial and commercial turnaround opportunities. Professor Akhlaghi advises international financial institutions, banks and major consulting and contracting companies such as GEK TERNA Group of Greece and LC&P of Italy.
He has held several senior academic positions in universities in England, Scotland, Ireland and South Africa. He has acted as convener at several World Economic Summit events and has represented the Islamic Development Bank in relation to development projects in member countries . In Iran, he has held seminars and chaired conferences for the Iranian Stock Exchange Organization and the Ministry of Finance & Economic Affairs.
Esmaeil Karimian
Founder & Manager
LLB, LLM, Attorney at law
Esmaeil Karimian is a professional attorney, founder and managing partner of the ESK Law Firm. He has more than 10 years' experience in international Trade law, international investment law, energy law and international contracts.
Working full time in the International Law offices as a junior partner or associate during all these years, Mr. Karimian has gained a lot of experiences in the field of international commercial law and international investment contracts such as joint-venture contracts, petroleum contracts, and construction contracts.
Esmaeil specializes in international commercial law and international investment contracts such as joint-venture contracts, petroleum contracts, and construction contracts. He advises national and international clients on a broad range of corporate matters, including acquisitions, mergers, tender offers, reorganizations and joint ventures. An integral part of his practice, Esmaeil provides board-level legal counsel to help clients draft and manage complex deals through the marketplace.
He has paved the way of several foreign corporations to invest in various megaprojects in Iran. As a managing partner, Esmaeil is responsible for the day to day operations of the business and practice groups across ESK's offices in Iran. He speaks Persian and English.
Saleh Jaberi
Head of Contractual Team
LL.B, LL.M, PhD, Attorney at Law
Dr. Saleh Jaberi is a professional attorney and a lead partner of ESK Law Firm. He has more than 10 years' experience in business law, particularly in securities disputes and construction law.
Saleh's clients benefit from his experience in project finance, including BOT, BOO, BOOT and concession projects in various sectors. He is particularly sought after for his in-depth knowledge of international trade law, construction contracts, securities arbitration and mediation, and Alternative Dispute resolution mechanisms.
Saleh is also a highly regarded advocate in commercial law. He has counseled a few Iranian banks to settle their disputes with debtors and manage their financial problems. In 2009, Saleh was seconded to assist an international company with drafting its domestic and international contracts as well as solving its disputes through litigation and ADR methods. He also has a notable academic record which includes books and articles in both English and Persian languages. He has published remarkable academic papers about broker-client relationships in securities exchanges and solving their disputes.
At the same time, he translated and published a book titled "International Construction Contract with Commentary on FIDIC Design-Build Forms" and also writing another book titled "Construction Law" which will be published in the near future. He speaks Persian and English. He is the Head of Contractual Team.
Saeed Soltani
Head of Corporate Team
LLB, LLM , Attorney at law
Saeed Soltani is a professional attorney and a member of Tehran Bar Association since 2009. He received his LLB from shahed University and his LLM from Olum Tahghighat University.
During all these years, Saeed has gained a lot of experience in the field of company law and various corporate matters. He has focused his practice on registration of a company, branch or agent office, preparation and drafting all kinds of minute, article of association and dissolution or bankruptcy of companies.
Saeed has also been deeply engaged in providing legal assistance to reputable insurance companies such as Day Insurance Company, Arman Insurance Company, Kosar Insurance Company and Parsian Insurance Company. He specializes in insurance law and advising his clients regarding various kinds of insurance policies and solving related disputes.
He speaks Persian and English. He is the Head of Corporate Team.
Abolfazl Moghadam
Associate
LLB (Hons)
Abolfazl is a Barrister & Solicitor practising in New Zealand. He is a current member of New Zealand Law Society, as well as, Auckland District Law Society.
His practice includes business and corporate, contract law, immigration, and employment laws.
He has over 13 years of legal experience including over 3 years in the United States of America in workers’ compensation area and 5 years in Malaysia. He is currently working with Baker Law & Conveyancing LLC in Auckland.
Abolfazl firmly believes that clients are the lifeblood of any business and strives to build a strong rapport with them. In his personal capacity, he is expanding ESK’s client base and advisory in areas of franchising businesses.
Erich Rankl
Associate
As a specialist in Management Consultancy, Erich advising company owners and executives in a wide range of services for improvements in competitiveness and profitability. He provides services such as market study, strategic planning, project and tender management and business advisory in Europe and GCC countries.
Somayeh Karimian
Energy Advisor
B.A, M.A
Ms. Karimian received her bachelor degree in Economic Science from Azad University in 2006 also her master degree in Energy Economy from Srbiau University in 2016.
She has gained many experiences during past few years and currently advises clients in economic and energy matters such as renewable energies, economic due diligence, energy economy in Iran, etc.
She joined ESK Law Firm in 2016.
She speaks Persian and English.
Somayeh Siahposht
ESK-Teenar Publication Manager
B.A, M.A
Mrs. Siahposht is the manager of ESK-Teenar Publication Center. She received her B.A in Political Science from Shahid Beheshti University in 2006 and her M.A in International Relations from Tehran University in 2016.
She has more than thirteen years of experience in publication industry and is an expert in layouting, editing and publication of books in Iran.
Most of ESK books and articles have been published under her supervision and management in ESK-Teenar Publication Center.
She speaks Persian and English.
Hatef Zamandokht Tehrani
Graphic Designer
B.Sc.
Hatef Z. Tehrani after receving his First B.Sc. in Pure Mathematics from Shahid Beheshty University – Iran, he started his education in Bio-Statistic for a M.Sc. degree at Bologna University – Italy.
He is the IT Manager and Graphic Designer of the Firm.
Currently he studies Arabic language at Tehran Univerty as his second B.A.
He speaks Persian, English and Italian.
.clients
.books
Investment im Iran – Investment in Iran – سرمایه‌گذاری در ایران
   1st Edition
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This is the first book of its kind, outlining the legal framework for investors in Iran after the abolishment of (most of) the Western sanctions. This guidebook has been written and prepared by Partners of ESK Law Firm in cooperation with Michael Lorenz. The book summarizes the Iranian Foreign Investment Law in German, English and Farsi language and provides busy executives with a quick overview of the legal and professional regulations, investment climate, taxation, forms of business organizations and business practices in Iran. Due to the identically structured parts, the trilingual book eliminates language barriers and enables an easier communication with business partners in the respective countries. This book reflects information current as of May 1st, 2016. The book has been published in August 2016 by the Springer in Germany. Review the Book on the Publisher's Website Dieses Buch fasst das iranische Ausländerinvestitionsrecht übersichtlich auf Deutsch, Englisch und Farsi zusammen. Entscheidungsträgern gewinnen schnell einen guten Überblick über die rechtlichen und steuerlichen Regelungen sowie das Investmentklima, wichtige Gesellschaftsformen und gängige Geschäftspraktiken. Dank der identisch strukturierten Teile eliminiert dieses dreisprachige Buch sprachliche Hürden und erleichtert die Kommunikation mit den Gesprächs- und Geschäftspartnern in den verschiedenen Ländern. Informations- und Rechtsstand ist der 1. Mai 2016.
Foreign Investment Law In Light of Investment Act and Contracts
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Mr. Esmaeil Karimiyan has published a book jointly with Dr. Ali Hatami. The book has been published in May 2014 in Tehran and consists of 4 chapters as follows: 1. Foreign Investment Promotion and protection Act in the Current Legal System of Iran, 2. Joint Venture Contracts, 3. Petroleum Contracts and 4. Build-Operate & Transfer Contracts (BOT). The Book is a practical and comprehensive learning resource book in 1174 pages. The book consists of 4 Chapters and more than 300 case studies of recent Joint Venture Contracts, Oil and Gas projects Petroleum Contracts, Build-Operate & Transfer Contracts (BOT), EPC, EPCF, EPC&F, EP, EC and PC Contracts, Loan Agreement and Project Financing instrument, Sales Contracts, Agency Contracts, Distribution Contract, Outsourcing and Management Contracts… in Iran and other countries. This book, however, is not merely another addition to the available literature. It has a marked distinction. It not only comprises theory and practice in one place, but also provides a new trend in respect of interpretation of International Investment & Commercial Contracts. The purpose of this book is twofold: (i) to provide new trend in respect of interpretation and comparison of the terms of International Investment & Commercial Contracts the; and (ii) to assist contract drafters in their analysis of the various kinds of Petroleum Contract. The authors of the book have a long experience of practice and research in Investment & Commercial Contracts in Iran as a drafter of contracts, lawyer, counselor and negotiator for foreign and domestic companies during past decades. Many contractual documents cited in this book and their interpretations are the result of experiences gained during the presence of foreign companies in Iran. 1. Foreign Investment Promotion and protection Act in the Current Legal System of Iran, 2. Joint Venture Contracts, 3. Petroleum Contracts and 4. Build-Operate & Transfer Contracts (BOT). The Book is a practical and comprehensive learning resource book in 1174 pages. The book consists of 4 Chapters and more than 300 case studies of recent Joint Venture Contracts, Oil and Gas projects Petroleum Contracts, Build-Operate & Transfer Contracts (BOT), EPC, EPCF, EPC&F, EP, EC and PC Contracts, Loan Agreement and Project Financing instrument, Sales Contracts, Agency Contracts, Distribution Contract, Outsourcing and Management Contracts… in Iran and other countries. This book, however, is not merely another addition to the available literature. It has a marked distinction. It not only comprises theory and practice in one place, but also provides a new trend in respect of interpretation of International Investment & Commercial Contracts. The purpose of this book is twofold: (i) to provide new trend in respect of interpretation and comparison of the terms of International Investment & Commercial Contracts the; and (ii) to assist contract drafters in their analysis of the various kinds of Petroleum Contract. The authors of the book have a long experience of practice and research in Investment & Commercial Contracts in Iran as a drafter of contracts, lawyer, counselor and negotiator for foreign and domestic companies during past decades. Many contractual documents cited in this book and their interpretations are the result of experiences gained during the presence of foreign companies in Iran.
Construction Law
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The aim of this Handbook is to provide concise and practical guidance on the contractual aspects of international construction and engineering projects to all those involved in negotiating and managing them. The aim is not to present an academic textbook but to set out clearly and in straightforward language the main features of construction contracts of which anyone involved in an international project should be aware.
International Construction Contract
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"Construction Law" book provides an explanation of the fundamental principles of construction law and construction contracts. The author has attempted to set out, in compendious terms, the law that relates to the performance of construction and engineering work as it applies in Iran and England. This book is intended primarily for use by practitioners of construction law in those jurisdictions, so as to provide them with a general textbook that may be called upon to obtain answers to day-to-day legal questions, with references to applicable cases, statutes, regulations, relevant literature and website addresses. A glance at the contents table of this book will indicate that the breadth of subject matters covered is considerable. It is not limited to consideration of construction contracts alone, and has been written to cover the whole field of construction law.
Doing Business in Iran
   1st. Edition
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This guidebook has been prepared by Partners of ESK Law Firm. It is written to give the busy executive a quick overview of the legal and professional regulation, investment climate, taxation, forms of business organization and business practices in Iran. Making decisions about foreign operations is complex and requires an intimate knowledge of a country's commercial climate, with a realization that the climate can change overnight. Companies doing business in Iran - or planning to do so - are advised to get current and detailed information from experienced professionals. This book reflects information current as of July 2015.
Doing Business in Iran
   2nd. Edition
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The first edition of the popular book “Doing Business in Iran” has been very much welcomed. Many large corporations and law firms around the world as well as international organizations such as the World Bank, have shown their enthusiasm in reading the book and using it in serving their clients. At the same time, the guidebook has been translated in at least three other languages (Persian, German, Turkish) which will be published in the near future. All of these feedbacks on one hand and termination of sanctions against Iran on the other, have made ESK Law Firm team to prepare the second edition of the book. In the second edition, Much of the original structure of the book is retained, but updated in the light of statistics and new rules and regulations. New information also added where necessary while outdated data have been removed. Our team currently working on new topics which regularly will be added to this edition.
Doing Bussiness in Iran
   Persian Edition
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Our interesting Guidebook “Doing Business in Iran” was originally written in English. However, its Farsi version is also prepared to help Iranian entities in their daily relationship with foreign companies.
Brochure of ESK Law Firm
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Every entrepreneur knows that it is easy to start a business, but it is hard to steer it toward success .ESK Law Firm has found its professional partners and associates after many years of experience in various areas of legal practice. Next step was to expand our collection of publications and reports so that our clients could be sure that they are in good hands. Changing our perspective to see blessing in disguise has been another piece for the puzzle of success. ESK Law Firm’s team would be very happy to share its prosperity with you and pave the way of your business toward a successful entrance and development in Iran. If you have any doubt, just take a careful look at our brochure.
Doing Bussiness in Iran
   Turkish Edition
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The English version of the popular book “Doing Business in Iran” has been very much welcomed. Many large corporations and law firms around the world as well as international organizations such as the World Bank, have shown their enthusiasm in reading the book. At the same time, many Turkish companies and law firms request the book to be translated in Turkish so that they can readily use it in serving their clients. Here it is! The Turkish version of this interesting guidebook is finally out.
Investment im Iran – Investment in Iran – سرمایه‌گذاری در ایران
   2nd Edition
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Keeping the main structure of first edition, our interesting guidebook “investment in Iran” reached second edition in 2017. New edition provides latest rules and regulations while obsolete laws have been removed. Moreover, the new section of “Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) on Foreign Investment” added into the 2nd edition in which enquiries frequently asked by potential investors are expressed and answered. Obviously, those investors who may need more detailed information on any subject, are recommended to communicate directly with any of the Authors who are in a position to welcome them by providing answers to any other question which is not addressed in this guide as well.
Analyzing the Possibility and Procedure of Enforcing Foreign Judgments in Iran
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Before starting any dispute settlement procedures, disputants encounter with an important question of whether the outcome is enforceable. Answering such question gets harder when it comes to enforcing a judgment of a country in another. Enforcing foreign judgment in Iran is possible if certain rules and regulation are considered and certain documents are procured. This article aims to explain and clarify this process in Iran.
Construction Contracts in Iran’s Body of Law
“Post-Sanctions Strategy”
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With property values exceeding those of similar-sized countries, Iran has seen a recent boom in the real estate market over 2015. Encouraged by the country’s youthful demographic trends, investors are increasingly putting their faith in real estate, which has stood the test of time as a safe, fixed asset. At the same time, contractors and consultants have spotted opportunities throughout the country in terms of catering to both tourists and local residents seeking modern and convenient new homes. Investors are also eager to invest in these projects, which will satisfy growing demand and guarantee returns for years to come. Growth is also occurring in the country’s infrastructures. Iran's government and public sectors try to build or renovate infrastructures all over the country which provides great opportunities for investors to invest in these projects by setting up public-private partnerships (BOT, BOOT, Joint venture, etc.). Such projects offer a favorable interest rate for investors' capital. In recent years, the construction industry has been thriving due to an increase in national and international investment to the extent that it is now the largest in the Middle East region. Although there are several similarities between construction law in Iran and other countries, it has its own rules and regulations which are different from the construction industry of the West. Foreign contractors who enter the market for the first time must be prepared for a different environment.
Foreign investment in Iran
“Post-Sanctions Strategy”
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Eventually, after 12 years of imposing sanctions against Iran by governments and international organizations, in January 14, 2016, all banking, petroleum, insurance etc. sanctions have been lifted. This provides countless opportunities for investors and heralds an optimistic and prosperous future for various Iranian industries. In order to find a comprehensive perception about post-sanctions circumstances, it is necessary to elaborate the rules and regulations and investment framework of Iran. This article has been drafted by a practical perspective so that the post-sanctions methods of foreign investment in Iran become understandable. After nearly 48 years, the new law on foreign investment in Iran under the name of “Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Act” (FIPPA) was ratified by the Parliament in 2002. FIPPA replaced the Law for the “Attraction and Protection of Foreign Investment” which was in effect since 1955. FIPPA’s replacement of LAPFI has further enhanced the legal framework and operational environment for foreign investors in Iran.
Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI)
“Tehran Stock Exchange”
“Post-Sanctions strategy”
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Tehran Stock Exchange was established in 1968, and has been the primary equities market in Iran. In 2005, the new Capital Market Law of Iran approved by parliament and in 2006, according to this Act, TSE was demutualized and established as a joint stock company with over 6000 shareholders. TSE has enjoyed a reputation for having maintained an orderly market and a cost-effective trading capability since its inception. The fully computerized trading system has helped boost the trading capacity and efficiency of the stock market. In 1994 electronic trading systems was launched. In 2007, TSE moved to the powerful trading system (powered by Atos Euronext) for meeting the high trading volume. TSE has been awarded quality system certificate of ISO9001; in 2009 and also planned to obtain ISO27001 certification for its IT Security Management System. TSE has implemented many reform measures in the past few years in order to bring it in line with international practice, and to better reflect investors’ diversified needs. TSE is set to continue making progress towards liberalization and internationalization. The Tehran Stock Exchange, with its fully automated trading systems and book entry mechanisms, is known as one of the most active exchanges in the Middle East region. At the end of June 201, the total market capitalization of the 342 companies listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange (TSE) amounted to US$105 billion. The ratio of total market capitalization to GDP was about 26 % in 2010. In this year, the total trading value was US$19 billion, representing a market turnover rate of 22.5%. The market P/E ratio of the Tehran market was 6.7, lowest among primary WFE1 exchanges, making it an attractive marketplace for investors. In order to enhance the core competitiveness of the Tehran Stock Exchange and to make faster progress towards liberalization and internationalization, the authorities have also promoted the introduction of new financial products, new financial institutions and implemented many reform measures, such as the listing of Single Stock Futures (SSF), relaxing limitations on foreign investment, streamlining foreign registration procedures, and adjusting various trading system and mechanisms so that they are more in line with international standards.
Oil and Gas Industry in Iran’s Body of Law
“Post-Sanctions Strategy”
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The Ministry of Petroleum of the Islamic Republic of Iran is responsible for all kinds of oil and gas activities. The Ministry by itself has got the four major subsidiaries body as follows which undertake implementation and operation of the above mentioned activities: • National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) • National Iranian Gas Company (NIGC) • National Iranian Oil Refining & Distribution Company (NIORDC) • National Petrochemical Company (NPC) The Iran’s Unique Position in terms of hydrocarbon reserves is as follows: I. Iran is endowed with 155 billion barrels of oil equivalent to 10.9% of the global oil reserves. II. Iran owns 18% of the global natural gas reserves equal to 34 TCM of natural gas. III. Iran’s current exploration projects will lead to a considerable increase in the country’s oil and gas reserves. IV. Presently, 62 onshore oil fields, 16 offshore oil fields, 20 onshore gas fields, and 2 offshore gas fields are in operation in Iran. V. 26% of hydrocarbon reserves and 50% of natural gas reserves are located across Iran’s common borders with its neighbors. Currently, Iran, with 33/6 trillion cubic meters of natural gas reserves which is equivalent to 234 billion barrels of crude oil reserves, is the world's largest owner of gas reserves. In its last official report, National Iranian Oil Company declared that Iran's normal and natural gas reserves are more than 33/7 trillion cubic meters and the volume of normal and recoverable crude oil reserves of the country are about 157 billion barrels; Overall, with the total volume of oil and natural gas reserves of 400 billion barrels, Iran is the world's largest gas reserves. In order to attract foreign investment in Iran's oil and gas industry, particularly after termination of sanctions, a committee known as the "Oil Contracts Review Committee" unveiled a new contract titled "Iran Petroleum Contract (IPC)” in late 2015. The primary purpose of this Contract is to make a dramatic change in the oil and gas industry of Iran. On the other hand, Iran’s Parliament has also played an important role in this evolution through legislation of several laws such as "Duties and Powers of the Ministry of Oil," enacted in 2012, "Petroleum Law Reform Act" passed in 2011 and "The Fifth Development Plan" in 2010. However, The turning point of this legal evolution can be found in contractual mechanism of the implementation of projects in the upstream of oil and gas industry which is mentioned in law of "Duties and Powers of the Ministry of Oil” 2012. In this article, the legal aspects of Iran’s petroleum rules and contracts, especially for post-sanctions era, have been analyzed.
Legal Aspects and Procedure of Setting up a Company in Iran
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Considering the fact that majority of investments in Iran starts with setting up a company, many foreign investors look for reliable information about its process and requirements. At the same time, its procedure and related rules have been mentioned in the different resources which require to be collected and explained. This article is written to meet all these needs and provide all necessary information regarding establishing a company in Iran.
Foreign Investment in the Energy Sector of Iran
“Post-sanction Strategy”
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Eventually, after 12 years of imposing sanctions against Iran by governments and international organizations, in January 14, 2016, all banking, energy, insurance etc. sanctions have been lifted. This provides countless opportunities for investors and heralds an optimistic and prosperous future for various Iranian industries. In the other hand, After nearly 48 years, the new law on foreign investment in Iran under the name of “Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Act ” (FIPPA) was ratified by the Parliament in 2002. FIPPA replaced the Law for the “Attraction and Protection of Foreign Investment” which was in effect since 1955. FIPPA’s replacement of LAPFI has further enhanced the legal framework and operational environment for foreign investors in Iran. In order to find a comprehensive perception about post-sanctions 1circumstances, it is necessary to elaborate the rules and regulations and investment framework of Iran. This article has been drafted by a practical perspective so that the post-sanctions methods of foreign investment in Iran with emphesis to energy generation sector become understandable. Legal and contractual requirements of investing in the power sector of Iran have been determined in accordance with “ Foreign Investment Promotion and Protection Act (FIPPA)” and “General policies of the Article 44 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran”. In this article, a brief and practical insight into the legal and contractual mechanism of foreign investment in Iran's energy sector and the investment licensing procedure will be presented.
Enforcement of international arbitral awards in Islamic Republic of Iran
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One of the main reasons of incorporating an arbitration clause in an international agreement is that parties can be certain about enforceability of the arbitral award. In this article, we first talked about arbitration in Iran and after that, enforcement of international arbitral awards in Iran has been analyzed.
Online Arbitration: A Vehicle for Dispute Resolution in Electronic Commerce
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This article examines the advantages of online arbitration and methods of its performance in cyberspace. It concludes that online arbitration is a valid and effective method of dispute resolution and the arbitral awards given by online arbitration are enforceable under the rules of New York Convention.
Trade Mark Registration Process in Iran
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Under Iranian law, a trademark can be protected on the basis of registration. This article explains the registration process from a practical point of view which starts from submission of an application until paying related costs and obtaining the registration certificate.
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NewsLetter July 2019
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NewsLetter June 2019
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NewsLetter May 2019
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NewsLetter April 2019
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NewsLetter March 2019
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NewsLetter February 2019
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NewsLetter January 2019
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NewsLetter Dec 2018
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NewsLetter Nov 2018
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NewsLetter Oct 2018
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NewsLetter Sep 2018
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NewsLetter Aug 2018
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.contact us
Browse our locations info over this section
Tehran Office
Head Office
+98-21-77152141
info@ESKAdvisoryFirm.com
Unit 16, Ground floor, No. 6, Qoba building, Qoba Alley, Shariati St., Tehran, Iran
https://goo.gl/maps/5PRdcCid5TM2
Shiraz Office
Branch Office
+98-713-6334766
info@ESKAdvisoryFirm.com
#101, Baran Building, Shahid Rajaey St., Shiraz, Iran
https://goo.gl/maps/Sev5cwVBsc62
Muscat Office
Branch Office
+968-92102144
info@ESKAdvisoryFirm.com
W.J.TOWELL & CO.L.L.C, p.o. box 1040, Ruwi, Muscat, Oman
https://goo.gl/maps/aSpHcCFszJT2
Tehran Office
Head Office
+98-21-77152141
info@ESKAdvisoryFirm.com
Unit 16, Ground floor, No. 6, Qoba building, Qoba Alley, Shariati St., Tehran, Iran
https://goo.gl/maps/5PRdcCid5TM2
Shiraz Office
Branch Office
+98-713-6334766
info@ESKAdvisoryFirm.com
#101, Baran Building, Shahid Rajaey St., Shiraz, Iran
https://goo.gl/maps/Sev5cwVBsc62
>
Muscat Office
Branch Office
+968-92102144
info@ESKAdvisoryFirm.com
W.J.TOWELL & CO.L.L.C, p.o. box 1040, Ruwi, Muscat, Oman
https://goo.gl/maps/aSpHcCFszJT2